GoAL WaSH Mongolia

Programme duration: 2010-2012 (Phase 1), 2014-2015 (Phase 2).


  • Leadership and Coordination: Support the government in providing clearer leadership and better coordination to the Water Supply and Sanitation (WSS) sector.
  • Roadmap to MDGs: Assist the government in implementing its action plan to meet the WSS MDGs and national planning objectives.
  • Soum (rural sub-district) WSS Services: A priority area for strengthening service development is in Soum WSS services. The project will clarify plans and approaches for Soum service development and strategic investment opportunities.
  • Sector Advocacy: The project will gather information, prepare advocacy materials and make the case to the Ministry of finance and lead donors for increased investment in WSS services. The Project team will actively support the global ‘Sanitation and Water for All – a Global Framework for Action’.
  • Capacity Development: Operation and maintenance capacities for water supply and sewerage collection systems, strengthened at the local level.

In the last few years, Mongolia made an impressive progress towards the MDG targets on increased access to safe water and adequate sanitation. Although considerable progress has been made inequity is still a problem with low level of access to safe water and adequate sanitation in rural areas. Particularly challenging are the capacity gaps at the local level to provide water supply and sanitation services.

Following the economic growth in Mongolia the last four years, the Government significantly increased investments in public utilities, with a specific focus on rural infrastructure including water supply, sewerage collection and treatment facilities. There has been a need to generate specific models for water and sanitation service provision, suited to rural sub-districts.

GoAL WaSH has provided resources to support sector coordination, sectoral reforms and developed a management model for WSS services in rural sub-districts. Additionally, GoAL WaSH provided support to develop an MDG Roadmap and standards on small-scale wastewater treatment facilities. The second phase of the project addressed local level capacity gaps in WSS service delivery, with a specific focus on operation and maintenance.


  • Ownership, leadership and coordination of WSS sector were strengthened with the establishment of a Sector Working Group on MDG acceleration, chaired by the State Secretary of the Ministry of Construction and Urban Development. As a result, sector and sub-sector responsibilities were clarified and a roadmap to WSS related MDGs was developed, with active participation from all the key stakeholders in the water supply and sanitation sector. 
  • A number of essential policy documents were formally adopted and applied, including “Management model of Soum WSS”, “Roadmap to MDG 7 Target 16” and “Strategic guidelines to implement the Roadmap and policy recommendations”.
  • A national integrated database containing all relevant data on the water and sanitation service provision has been established at the Ministry of Construction and Urban Development (http://watsan.mcud.gov.mn). Comprehensive statistical data on WSS is now collected at household level nationwide.
  • Through a wide range of consultations with stakeholders at various levels, the Soum level WSS service management model was developed by the project. The management model has been approved by the Government.
  • A total of eight new ISO and EN (European Standard) technical standards were developed on small-scale wastewater treatment plants. They were all approved by the National Standardization Committee. The standards enable development and use of small-scale wastewater treatment facilities for private and public buildings. Furthermore, the standards help to improve wastewater treatment system which decrease negative impacts on the environment.
  • A national standard for Terms and Terminology on Water and Sanitation was also developed and approved by the National Standardization Committee in 2011. With this standard, an English-Mongolian Dictionary and Glossary on Water and Sanitation terminologies were developed, published and disseminated to the relevant organizations, professionals and general public. The standard is useful in eliminating inconsistency in translating water supply and sanitation terminologies
  • A survey on improved sanitation technology options was conducted and an album of technological solutions was developed and distributed to the public. It offers hygienic and environmentally friendly practices and technology options, enabling personal choices for proper and comfortable sanitation facilities.
  • The knowledge of soum governors and amiag/soum environmental inspectors were enhanced through trainings conducted on rural water and sanitation policies, participatory approaches for protecting water sources, and development and implementation of Soum Master Development Plan. As a result, soum Governors were able to budget sufficient funds for their Soum Master Plan development or improvement in 2013.
  • A vocational education curricula and training modules were developed for soum level service technicians/plumbers in accordance with the National Occupational Category, MNS-6228-1:2010 “Chapter 1 of Professional Standards of Construction Workers” and other programme and training modules of the other relevant organizations of vocational education training of the sector. 
  • To address the needs for local level technicians, regional intensive and step-by-step training course was organized using the formalized curricula and modules in four localities. Vocational education centers trained a total of 114 rural sub-district service technicians/plumbers.

”The policy makers and sector professionals found the training opportunities provided by the GoAL WaSH project very useful in order to improve water and sanitation service provision. The project assisted the Government of Mongolia to meet many urgent needs to accelerate the progress of the water supply and sanitation MDG targets. – Mrs. R. Erdenetsetseg, Deputy Director at the Ministry of Construction and Urban Development

”The formalized management models for WSS services in rural areas became very clear and helpful for Public Utilities Service Organizations. It is a big step for development of rural areas, as well as for the institution itself. – Mr. N. Tsogtsaikhan, Director of the Public Utilities Service Organization in Tuv province


Ms. Bunchingiv Bazartseren (external)

Environment Team Leader, UNDP Mongolia

Dr. Alejandro Jiménez

Programme Director

Ms. Lotten Hubendick

Programme Officer