The support to water governance in Madagascar complements the interventions that UNDP is providing in response to the drought problems caused by the El Niño phenomenon in Southern Madagascar. It contributes to the preservation of the environment, by setting up water points (wells equipped with a hand pump), to water the seedlings nurseries, that aimed at reforestation and fixing dunes (fight against wind erosion).
GoAL WaSH Madagascar
The original GoAL WaSH strategy designed in 2008 aimed to prepare and complement the general UNDP Support Programme to Water Governance. Project activities were realigned in 2011 as a result of the political instability and were implemented until 2014. The focus was put on technical interventions, with the aim to prepare the ground for better water governance. Activities were conducted in seven watershed authorities, located in six regions of the Northern part of the country and one in the central Western region.
GoAL WaSH resumed activities in 2017. The intervention is aiming at securing livelihoods in a drought affected area in the Androy region.
Madagascar is among the world’s poorest countries and progress in the water and sanitation sector remains weak. The situation is particularly acute for both rural and urban sanitation. The country has a history of fragmented and uncoordinated water governance. Several unimplemented institutional reforms, regional disparities and a lack of governance capacity hamper increased water and sanitation service delivery.
During the past decades, a significant number of institutional and legal reforms created a robust framework of policies and strategies. Today, the country has a legal and regulatory framework for the sector. Moreover, The Ministry of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene is in the process of designing an innovative and decisive Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Sector Program to achieve the SDG 6 and to fight against poverty, taking into account climate change risks.
In 2011-2014, the strategy was to build in elements of sustainability, professionalism and coordination in water supply and sanitation through four types of targeted technical interventions:
- Mapping hydraulic resources in seven watershed areas.
- Evaluating water and sanitation capacity and organisational needs at national, regional and communal levels.
- Contributing to improved sector coordination by strengthening and securing the management and coordination tool of the Ministry of Water.
- Putting together a User’s Guide for the safe management and operation of water supply systems in Madagascar.
Since 2017 the project is being implemented in a drought affected area in the Androy region. A dam for agricultural and animal use and two boreholes for agricultural and human use are being constructed. Management arrangements for the water infrastructures are also being set up.
- As a result of GoAL WaSH investments, accurate and up-to date information on water supply coverage and access in the Northern part of the country was provided to the national database held by the Ministry for Water. Access to information strengthened the capacity of the Ministry of Water to develop informed policy and programmes for safe drinking water supply.
- The inventory of capacity building needs and financial and material gaps provided the necessary knowledge to plan training programmes to support WSS staff at all levels.
- The User’s Guide on the management and operation of drinking water facilities, developed with support of GoAL WaSH, is today of daily use at regional and communal levels.
- The management systems developed for the infrastructures supported by GoAL WaAH have been used by local stakeholders to establish a harmonized water management scheme and methodology in two regions of Southern Madagascar (Androy and Anosy).