GoAL WaSH Madagascar

Water pictures Madagascar2

Programme duration: 2009-2014 (due to the national political crisis in 2009 the project was temporarily suspended, but restarted again in 2011).

This programme is a partnership with Unicef


  • The original GoAL WaSH strategy designed in 2008 aimed to prepare and complement the general UNDP Support Programme to Water Governance.
  • Project activities were realigned in 2011 as a result of the political instability. The focus was put on technical interventions, with the aim to prepare the ground for better water governance. Activities were conducted in seven watershed authorities, located in six regions of the Northern part of the country and one in the central Western region.

Madagascar is among the world’s poorest countries and progress in the water and sanitation sector remains weak. The situation is particularly acute for both rural and urban sanitation. The country has a history of fragmented and uncoordinated water governance. Several unimplemented institutional reforms, regional disparities and a lack of governance capacity hamper increased water and sanitation service delivery.

Political instability between 2009 and 2014 sparked the withdrawal of many national and international support mechanisms for the WASH sector. Madagascar is restarting its democratic pathway but external support is only slowly coming back.

During the past decades, a significant number of institutional and legal reforms created a robust framework of policies and strategies. Today, the country has a legal and regulatory framework for the sector as well as a strategy and national program that are aligned with MDG targets.

In 2011-2014, the strategy was to build in elements of sustainability, professionalism and coordination in water supply and sanitation through four types of targeted technical interventions:

  1. Mapping hydraulic resources in seven watershed areas.
  2. Evaluating water and sanitation capacity and organisational needs at national, regional and communal levels.
  3. Contributing to improved sector coordination by strengthening and securing the management and coordination tool of the Ministry of Water.
  4. Putting together a User’s Guide for the safe management and operation of water supply systems in Madagascar.


  • As a result of GoAL WaSH investments, accurate and up-to date information on water supply coverage and access in the Northern part of the country was provided to the national database held by the Ministry for Water. Access to information strengthened the capacity of the Ministry of Water to develop informed policy and programmes for safe drinking water supply.
  • The inventory of capacity building needs and financial and material gaps provided the necessary knowledge to plan training programmes to support WSS staff at all levels.
  • The User’s Guide on the management and operation of drinking water facilities, developed with support of GoAL WaSH, is today of daily use at regional and communal levels.


Dr. Alejandro Jiménez

Programme Director

Ms. Lotten Hubendick

Programme Officer